Speech therapy: When sorry seems to be the hardest word

Ryan Griffiths is struggling. He has to "make reparation", because the police have said so – he damaged a car – but he does not know what it means.

"I'm on my last chance," says Griffiths (not his real name), 17, from Bolton, to his speech and language therapist, Ian Warriner. "The next time something happens, it won't be good."

Using a simple ladder diagram the two discuss the thieving and car crime that will propel Griffiths up towards the police and the actions that will help him to stay down at the bottom where he is happy with his foster family and his dog.